Palm Jumeirah is the world’s largest man-made island and is comprised of a two kilometre long trunk, a crown made up of 17 fronds and a surrounding crescent. The Palm Jumeirah, hosts many hotels, bars, restaurants, cafes, salons, boutique shopping areas and surrounded by a fringe of beaches. Following a number of years of feasibility studies, the Palm Jumeirah was launched in 2001, with reclamation starting in the same year. From the end of 2006, the island's first residences – comprising 4,000 luxury villas and apartments were handed over during a phased period. Since then, the tourism, leisure and retail elements of the island have been developed, creating a spectacular, world-renowned residential and tourism destination.Dubai coastline. A Monorail opened in 2009, but is not connected to other public transport.